ERATTA AIIMS MOCK

ANSWER B,C,D Q-47 All of the following statements concerning mammalian chromosomes are true :
a. DNase I can be used to treat chromosomes to determine inactive regions of DNA
b. Approximately 7% of the sequences contained in the eukaryotic genome are copied into RNA
c. Heterochromatin is a term used for inactive DNA, and euchromatin is a term used for those regions of DNA that are transcriptionally active.
d. In higher eukaryotic genomes, cytosine is methylated at cytosine-guanine (CG) islands in inactive segments of DNA
Ans-47: (a) DNase I can be used to treat chromosomes to determine inactive regions of DNA
Ref:Read the text below
Sol:

Q-49 Which one of the following descriptions is typically associated with a nephrotic syndrome?
a. Red blood cell casts, a low level of proteinuria, and granular casts
b. Heavy proteinuria, oval fat bodies, and fatty casts
c. Hematuria, granular casts, and borad waxy casts
d. A proliferative glomerulonephritis on renal biopsy
Ans-49: (b) Heavy proteinuria, oval fat bodies, and fatty casts
Ref:Read the text below
Sol:

ANSWER ALL Q-95 Digitalis toxicity enhanced by all of the following except:
a. Renal failure
b. Hypokalemia
c. Hypercalcemia
d. Hypomagnesemia



ANSWER A AND B Q-129 Clomiphene citrate – True statement is
a. Enclomiphene is anti-estrogenic
b. Pregnancy rate is 3 times as compared to placebo
c. Incidence of twins is 5-6%
d. It has been shown to increase fertility in oligospermic males



NO CHANGE Q-168 Heat rupture characterised by
a. Irregular margin
b. Clotted blood
c. Regular margin
d. Clotted blood vessels
Ans-168: (a) Irregular margin
Ref: Read the text below
Sol:

NO CHANGE READ EXPLANATION Q-178 A 30-year-old man complains of dizziness, palpitations, derealization, and a sense of detachment that are not associated with any obvious stress. The differential diagnosis includes all of the following conditions except
a. Partial complex seizures
b. Acute stress disorder
c. Panic disorder
d. Hypercalcemia

ANSWER B AND C Q-170 Regarding ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract:
a. The mucosa of the pylorus appears echopoor.
b. The thickness of the normal pyloric muscle should not exceed 3 mm.
c. The pancreas is more easily visualized in children through the left lobe of the liver.
d. The right lobe of the liver extends anterior to the spleen.
Ans 170: (b) The thickness of the normal pyloric muscle should not exceed 3 mm.
(c) The pancreas is more easily visualized in children through the left lobe of the liver.
Reference: Read the text below
Sol:
•The mucosa of the pylorus is echobright and muscle is echopoor.
•Dimensions of pyloric muscle vary depending on size of the child. However upper limits in the longitudinal section are as follows: 3 mm thickness of pyloric muscle, and 17 mm in length for the pyloric canal. With measurements above these figures pyloric stenosis has to be suspected.
•The pancreas is more easily visualized in children through the left lobe of the liver and provides an acoustic window.
•The left lobe of the liver extends anterior to the spleen,trace of free fluid between the left lobe of liver and spleen may give rise to an erroneus diagnosis of laceration of the spleen.

NO CHANGE READ EXPLANATION Q-186 A 35-year-old man with an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is likely to exhibit all of the following symptoms except
a. Perfectionism that interferes with performance
b. Compulsive checking behavior
c. Preocupation and concern for rules
d. Indecisiveness
Ans-186: (b) Compulsive checking behavior
Ref: Read the text below
Sol:
It is important to remember that the obsessive-compulsive disorder (i.e., the anxiety disorder) is a different illness form the obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
Individuals with the obsessive – compulsive personality disorder seen to have perfectionistic and inflexible personalities.
These individuals are often indecisive, stingy with compliments and preoccupied by trivial details, but they do not exhibit symptoms of the anxiety disorder, such as compulsive checking and excessive washing.

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